Why it that AIDS is not spread through sharing clothes? (MUGABIRE GERLAD)
Response from Parkhurt Justin (D. Phil)
Dear Mugabire Gerlad
The HIV virus spreads through only a few specific ways. It is present in particular body fluids, including blood and fluids related to sex for men and women. It can also only be obtained with direct contact of these fluids, and not through skin contact. As such, clothing will not have the risk fluids on them, and even if a small amount does exist (if there is a small amount of blood, for example), it would probably not spread through the skin. This is why sharing clothing (and sharing other items) is not seen to be risky.
Response from Dr. Brondi Luciana
The reason for that is because a few conditions need to be met before
HIV transmission occurs:
- The HIV virus needs to be present in sufficient amounts in a person’s body fluid before it is transmitted. The concentration of HIV virus is very low in the sweat, tears, saliva and urine. The concentration is high in the blood or semen and in vaginal secretions, and breast milk. The virus concentration is medium in anal secretions.
- The HIV virus needs to get into the bloodstream. If you just touch the infected fluid with your healthy unbroken skin, you will not get the infection. Your skin, when healthy and intact provides a very good barrier and stops the virus from entering your body. The HIV virus can only cross this barrier if you have an open cut or wound or if it crossed through your mucous membranes (example: mouth, eyes, genitals, anus, and rectum.)